AL-TANZIL
The
Revelation
 
[26:192]


ALLAH’S SPECIAL FRIEND, PROPHET ABRAHAM (pbuh)
[ALLAH'S Tributes For The Father of all Muslims] 

Abraham, ALLAH’S Special Friend
[Quran – 4:125 – Amatul Rahman Omar] “And who is better in faith than one who submits his whole attention to Allah and he is a doer of good to others and follows the religion of Abraham, the upright? And Allah had taken Abraham for a special friend.”

When his LORD said to him Surrender, Abraham Surrendered
[Quran – 2:131 – Pickthall] “When his Lord said unto him: Surrender! he said: I have surrendered to the Lord of the Worlds.”

Abraham’s Religion Enjoined for the Believers
[Quran – 3:95 – Pickthall] “Say: Allah speaketh truth. So follow the religion of Abraham, the upright. He was not of the idolaters.”

ALLAH’S Everlasting Honour for Abraham
[Quran – 37:109 – Al-Muntakhab] “Peace be unto Ibrahim from Allah and His angels and from succeeding generations.”

Abraham, ALLAH’S Chosen Imam, The Leader of Men
[Quran – 2:124 – Syed Vickar Ahamed] “And (remember) when, Ibrahim (Abraham) was tried by his Lord with certain Commands; these he fulfilled. He (his Lord) said: "I will make you an Imam (guide or example) to the Nations." He Ibrahim (Abraham) pleaded: "And also (Imams) from my off-spring!" He (his Lord) answered: "But My Promise is not within the reach of evildoers."

Abraham, Rendered Pure, The Chosen of ALLAH, The Exalted
[Quran – 2:130 – Yusuf Ali] “And who turns away from the religion of Abraham but such as debase their souls with folly? Him We chose and rendered pure in this world: And he will be in the Hereafter in the ranks of the Righteous.”

Abraham, The Inspired of ALLAH, The Exalted
[Quran -29:16 – Asad] “And Abraham, [too, was inspired by Us] when he said unto his people: “Worship God, and be conscious of Him: this is the best for you, if you but knew it!”
[Quran – 6:63 – Yusuf Ali] “That was the reasoning about Us, which We gave to Abraham (to use) against his people: We raise whom We will, degree after degree: for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge.”
[Quran – 6:83 – Shakir] “And this was Our argument which we gave to Ibrahim against his people; We exalt in dignity whom We please; surely your Lord is Wise, Knowing.”

Abraham, The Guided of ALLAH, The Exalted
[Quran – 6:87 – Shakir] “And from among their fathers and their descendants and their brethren, and We chose them and guided them into the right way.”

Abraham The Exemplar and Obedient to ALLAH, The Exalted
[Quran – 16:120 – Shakir] “Surely Ibrahim was an exemplar, obedient to Allah, upright, and he was not of the polytheists.”

Abraham, The Thankful To ALLAH. The Exalted
[Quran – 16:121 – Al-Muntakhab] “He was always thankful for the grace of Allah abounding in him; Allah chose him and guided him to His path of righteousness.”

Abraham, the servant, Chosen By ALLAH, The Exalted for a Special Purpose
[Quran – 38:45-46 – Yusuf Ali] “And commemorate Our Servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, possessors of Power and Vision. Verily We did choose them for a special (purpose)- proclaiming the Message of the Hereafter.”

Abraham, the servant, In The Sight of ALLAH, The Exalted
[Quran – 38:47 – Ali Unal] “They are in Our sight among the perfectly purified, chosen ones, the truly good.”

Abraham’s Questions for his Father and his Community
[Quran – 26:70-82 – Asad] “[how it was] when he asked his father and his people, “What is it that you worship? They answered: We worship idols, and we remain ever devoted to them. Said he: “Do [you really think that] they hear you when you invoke them, or benefit you or do you harm? They exclaimed: But we found our forefathers doing the same! Said [Abraham]: “Have you, then, ever considered what it is that you have been worshipping, you and those ancient forebears of yours? “Now [as for me, I know that,] verily, these [false deities] are my enemies, [and that none is my helper] save the Sustainer of all the worlds, who has created me and is the One who guides me, and is the One who gives me to eat and to drink, and when I fall ill, is the One who restores me to health, and who will cause me to die and then will bring me back to life and who, [hope, will forgive me my faults on Judgment Day!”

Abraham disowned the practices of his Father and his people
[Quran – 43:26 – Wahiduddin Khan] “Call to mind when Abraham said to his father and his people, I disown utterly that which you worship.”

Abraham’s People Disputed with him and ALLAH Inspired Abraham
[Quran – 6:80-83 – Shakir] “And his people disputed with him. He said: Do you dispute with me respecting Allah? And He has guided me indeed; and I do not fear in any way those that you set up with Him, unless my Lord pleases; my Lord comprehends all things in His knowledge; will you not then mind? And how should I fear what you have set up (with Him), while you do not fear that you have set up with Allah that for which He has not sent down to you any authority; which then of the two parties is surer of security, if you know? Those who believe and do not mix up their faith with iniquity, those are they who shall have the security and they are those who go aright. And this was Our argument which we gave to Ibrahim against his people; We exalt in dignity whom We please; surely your Lord is Wise, Knowing.”

Abraham’s Question to the Idolators
[Quran - 37:86-87 – Mahmoud Ghali] “Is it a falsehood, gods apart from Allah, that you are willing (to worship)? What then is your expectation from The Lord of the worlds?"

Abraham’s Message to Idolators
[Quran – 29:25 – Pickthall] “He said: Ye have chosen only idols instead of Allah. The love between you is only in the life of the world. Then on the Day of Resurrection ye will deny each other and curse each other, and your abode will be the Fire, and ye will have no helpers.”

Abraham’s Denunciation of Idolatry and Call to Worship ALLAH, Alone
[Quran -29:17 – Asad] “You worship only [lifeless] idols instead of God, and [thus] you give visible shape to a lie! Behold, those [things and beings] that you worship instead of God have it not in their power to provide sustenance for you: seek, then, all [your] sustenance from God, and worship Him [alone] and be grateful to Him: [for] unto Him you shall be brought back!”

Abraham’s warning to Idolators
[Quran 21:57 – Qaribullah] “By Allah, I will certainly outwit your idols as soon as you have turned your backs and gone.”

Abraham tells Idolators "I feel really sick at heart of such irreverent society".
[Quran – 37:88-90 – Al-Muntakhab] “He took a look and directed his attention to the stars. And there, he exclaimed: "I feel really sick at heart of such irreverent society". They -his people- turned their backs upon him and they went away.”

Abraham’s Questions to Idols
Idolators call for a Furnace and Fire to burn Abraham
[Quran – 37:91-92 – Umm Muhammad] “What is [wrong] with you that you do not speak? Then he turned to their gods and said, "Do you not eat?”

Abraham then attacked the Idols
[Quran – 37:93 – Pickthall] “Then he attacked them, striking with his right hand.”

Abraham breaks Idols
[Quran - 21:58 – T. B. Irving] “So he broke them into fragments except for the biggest one of them, so that they might return to [question] it.”

Idolator’s Question to Abraham
[Quran – 21:62 – Abdel Haleem] “They asked, ‘Was it you, Abraham, who did this to our gods’?”

Abraham answered the Question with a Question of his own
[Quran – 21:63 – Amatul Rahman Omar] “(Abraham) said, `Well, of course, someone has done it. Here is their chief (idol which witnessed all this). So better ask (him and) them, if they can speak.'”

Abraham asked the Idolators
[Quran - 37:95 – Ali Unal] “He said: "Do you worship things that you yourselves have carved,”

Abraham, the Inspired, called for The Worship of True God, ALLAH, The Exalted
[Quran – 29:16 – Asad] “And Abraham, [too, was inspired by Us] when he said unto his people: “Worship God, and be conscious of Him: this is the best for you, if you but knew it!”

Idolators call “to kill or burn” Abraham, then ALLAH saved him from the Fire
[Quran - 29:24 – Pickthall] “But the answer of his folk was only that they said: "Kill him" or "Burn him." Then Allah saved him from the Fire. Lo! herein verily are portents for folk who believe.”

Idolators call for a Furnace and a Fire to burn Abraham
[Quran – 37:97 – Umm Muhammad] “They said, "Construct for him a furnace and throw him into the burning fire."

ALLAH, The Exalted Commanded the fire to be cool and peace for Abraham
[Quran -21:69 – Faridul Haque] “We said, "O fire, become cool and peaceful upon Ibrahim."

ALLAH, The Exalted Frustrated and Humiliated the Idolators
[Quran – 37:98 – Amatul Rahman Omar] “Thus they designed a plan against him, but We made them to be the most humiliated.”

Abraham’s Prayer for a Son
[Quran – 37:100 – Daryabadi] “My Lord! Bestow on me a son who will be of the righteous.”

ALLAH, The Exalted, Gave Abraham Good News of a worthy Son
[Quran – 37:101 – Wahiduddin Khan] “We gave him the good news that he would have a patient, forbearing son.”

Abraham’s Dream and Ishmael’s answer
[Quran – 37:102 – Syed Vickar Ahamed] “And when (his son, Ismail) became (the age to) work with him, he (Ibrahim) said: "O my son! I see in a dream (vision) that I offer you in sacrifice (to Allah): Now see what is your (own) thought!" (The son) said: "O my father! Do like you are commanded: You will find me, if Allah so wills one who has (great) patience (and constancy!)"

The Sacrifice of Ishmael, ALLAH’S Test for Abraham
[Quran – 37:103-106 – Syed Vickar Ahamed] “Then, when they both had submitted their wills (to Allah’s Wish), and he (Ibrahim) had laid him (his son, Ismail) prostrate on his forehead (for sacrifice), We called out to him, "O Ibrahim (Abraham)! "You have already fulfilled your vision! “Verily, thus We do reward those who do good. Indeed, it was clearly a trial (for Ibrahim)”

ALLAH, The Exalted Ransomed (Replaced) Ishmael with a Ram
[Quran – 37:107 – Al-Muntakhab] “And We redeemed him -the son- with a great sacrifice. the slaughter of an animal -the ram- as an offering to Allah.”

ALLAH’S Everlasting Honour for His Slave, Abraham
[Quran – 37:108 – Al-Muntakhab] “And We praised his name to fame that he be honoured by those to come of future and later generations.”

ALLAH’S Eternal Salutation for His Slave Abraham
[Quran – 37:109 – Al-Muntakhab] “Peace be unto Ibrahim from Allah and His angels and from succeeding generations.”

ALLAH’S Reward for His Believing Slave, Abraham
[Quran – 37:110-111- Pickthall] “Thus do We reward the good. Lo! he is one of Our believing slaves.”

ALLAH Commanded Prophet Muhammad to announce the obligation of HAJJ
[A Journey in the footsteps of Prophet Abraham]
[Quran – 22:26-38 – Taqi Usmani] “And (remember) when We pointed out for Ibrahim the place of the House (of Allah) saying; Do not associate anything with Me as My partner, and purify My House for those who make Tawaf (circumambulation around it), and those who perform Qiyam (standing up in worship) and those who perform Ruku‘ (bowing down) and Sujud (prostration), and announce among people about (the obligation of) Hajj, so that they should come to you on foot, and on every camel turned lean, traveling through every distant hilly pathway, so that they witness benefits for them, and recite Allah‘s name in specified days, over the provision He gave them from the cattle. So, eat thereof and feed the distressed, the poor. Then, they must remove their dirt, and fulfill their vows, and make Tawaf of the Ancient House. Having said that, whoever observes reverence of the things sanctified by Allah, it is good for him with his Lord. And permitted to you are the cattle, except those mentioned to you through recitation (of the verses). So refrain from the filth of the idols and refrain from a word of falsehood, standing upright for (the obedience of) Allah, not ascribing any partner to Him. Whoever ascribes a partner to Allah, it is as if he falls down from the sky, and either the birds snatch him, or the wind drives him away to a far off place. Having said that, if one observes the sanctity of the symbols of Allah, then such things emanate from the piety of the hearts. And for you there are benefits in them (the cattle) up to a specified time. Then their place of sacrifice is by the Ancient House. For every Ummah (religious community) We prescribed the act of sacrifice, so that they recite Allah‘s name over the provision He gave them from the cattle. So, your God is One God. Therefore, to Him alone you must submit. And give good news to those who turn to Him with humbleness - those whose hearts are filled with awe when Allah is remembered, and who observe patience against whatever befalls them, and who are steadfast in Salah, and who spend (in the way of Allah) out of what We have given to them. The big animals of sacrifice (like camels and cows) are made by Us among the symbols of Allah for you, in which there is much good for your benefit. So recite the name of Allah over them as they are lined up (for sacrifice). Then, once their flanks fall down (after slaughter), eat of them and feed the one who is content and the one who wishes to receive. Thus We have made them (the animals) subjugated to you, so that you may be grateful. It is neither their flesh nor their blood that reaches Allah, but what does reach Him is the taqwa (the sense of obedience) on your part. Thus He has made them (the animals) subjugated to you, so that you proclaim Allah‘s glory for the guidance He gave you. And give good news to those who are good in their deeds. Surely, Allah defends those who believe. Allah does not love any treacherous, ungrateful.

ALLAH, The Exalted, Commanded Abraham and Ishmael to purify Kabah and the visitors to make Prayer at Maqame-Ibrahim (Station of Abraham) 
[Quran – 2:125 – Hilali & Khan] “And (remember) when We made the House (the Kabah at Makkah) a place of resort for mankind and a place of safety. And take you (people) the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim (Abraham) (or the stone on which Ibrahim (Abraham) stood while he was building the Kabah) as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g. two Rakat after the Tawaf of the Kabah at Makkah), and We commanded Ibrahim (Abraham) and Ismail (Ishmael) that they should purify My House (the Kabah at Makkah) for those who are circumambulating it, or staying (Itikaf), or bowing or prostrating themselves (there, in prayer).

Abraham’s Prayer at The Kabah, for a Messenger, from among his people
[Quran – 2:126-129 – Pickthall] “And when Abraham prayed: My Lord! Make this a region of security and bestow upon its people fruits, such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day, He answered: As for him who disbelieveth, I shall leave him in contentment for a while, then I shall compel him to the doom of Fire - a hapless journey's end! And when Abraham and Ishmael were raising the foundations of the House, (Abraham prayed): Our Lord! Accept from us (this duty). Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Hearer, the Knower. Our Lord! And make us submissive unto Thee and of our seed a nation submissive unto Thee, and show us our ways of worship, and relent toward us. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Relenting, the Merciful. Our Lord! And raise up in their midst a messenger from among them who shall recite unto them Thy revelations, and shall instruct them in the Scripture and in wisdom and shall make them grow. Lo! Thou, only Thou, art the Mighty, Wise.”

ALLAH’S Command: Remember Abraham’s Prayer
[Quran – 14:35 – Yusuf Ali] “Remember Abraham said: "O my Lord! make this city one of peace and security: and preserve me and my sons from worshiping idols.

Abraham’s argument with the King
[Quran – 2:258 – Pickthall] “Bethink thee of him who had an argument with Abraham about his Lord, because Allah had given him the kingdom; how, when Abraham said: My Lord is He Who giveth life and causeth death, he answered: I give life and cause death. Abraham said: Lo! Allah causeth the sun to rise in the East, so do thou cause it to come up from the West. Thus was the disbeliever abashed. And Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk.”

Abraham asked his LORD to show him how The LORD gives life to the dead
[Quran -2:260- Pickthall] “And when Abraham said (unto his Lord): My Lord! Show me how Thou givest life to the dead, He said: Dost thou not believe? Abraham said: Yea, but (I ask) in order that my heart may be at ease. (His Lord) said: Take four of the birds and cause them to incline unto thee, then place a part of them on each hill, then call them, they will come to thee in haste, and know that Allah is Mighty, Wise.”

Abraham, the upright, the Muslim
[Quran – 3:67 – Taqi Usmani] “Ibrahim was neither a Jew nor a Christian. But he was upright, a Muslim, and was not one of those who associate partners with Allah.”

ALLAH’S Command To Prophet Muhammad
[Quran – 6:161 – Farook Malik] “O Muhammad, tell them: "As for me, surely my Lord has guided me to the Right Way, the ever true Deen, the faith of Abraham the upright and he was not of the pagans."

The nearest of the mankind to Abraham
[Quran – 3:68 – Pickthall] “Lo! those of mankind who have the best claim to Abraham are those who followed him, and this Prophet and those who believe (with him); and Allah is the Protecting Guardian of the believers.”

ALLAH, The Exalted, Chose Abraham Herein
[Quran – 2:130 – Pickthall] “And who forsaketh the religion of Abraham save him who befooleth himself? Verily We chose him in the world, and lo! in the Hereafter he is among the righteous.”

Abraham, ALLAH’S Messenger, entrusted to deliver ALLAH’S Message
[Quran – 29:18 – Taqi Usmani] “And if you reject me, then many nations have rejected their messengers before you. The messenger has no more obligation than to convey the message clearly.”

ALLAH, The Exalted Granted Abraham awareness of right and wrong, long before
[Quran – 21:51 – Asad] “AND, INDEED, long before [the time of Moses] We vouchsafed unto Abraham his consciousness of what is right; and We were aware of [what moved] him”

The Prayer of Abraham, THE MUSLIM
[Quran – 26:83-87 – Yusuf Ali] "O my Lord! bestow wisdom on me, and join me with the righteous; Grant me honourable mention on the tongue of truth among the latest (generations); Make me one of the inheritors of the Garden of Bliss; Forgive my father, for that he is among those astray; And let me not be in disgrace on the Day when (men) will be raised up;”

Abraham’s promise to his Father
[Quran – 19:47 – Yusuf Ali] “Abraham said: "Peace be on thee: I will pray to my Lord for thy forgiveness: for He is to me Most Gracious.”

Abraham’s Prayer for his Father
[Quran – 9:114 – Syed Vickar Ahamed “And Ibrahim (Abraham) prayed for his fathers’ forgiveness only because of a promise he (Ibrahim) had made to him (his father). But when it became clear to him (Ibrahim) that he (his father) was an enemy of Allah, he (Ibrahim) broke ties from him (his father): Surely, Ibrahim (Abraham) was most kind, forgiving.”

Abraham, Compassionate and Devout
[Quran – 11:75 – Farooq Malik] “Indeed Abraham was forbearing, tenderhearted and devout.”

ALLAH’S Command to Prophet Muhammad
[Quran - 19:41 – Asad] “AND CALL to mind, through this divine writ, Abraham. Behold, he was a man of truth, [already] a Prophet”

Abraham, a noble example
[Quran - 60:4 – Amatul Rahman Omar] “There is indeed a noble example for you (to follow) in Abraham and his companions. Behold! they said to their people, `We have nothing to do with you and We disown that you worship apart from Allah. We disapprove of all that you say and do. A long lasting (type of) enmity and rancour has arisen and become apparent between you and us, no doubt. (It will last) till you believe in Allah alone.' But (you have no example to emulate) in the words of Abraham to his sire (when he said), `I will surely ask forgiveness for you from Allah though I can do nothing against (the will of) Allah.' (Abraham and his companions also prayed to their Lord), `Our Lord! in You we put our trust, and to You alone do we turn (in repentance), and towards You alone is the (final) return.”

ALLAH’S Tribute to Abraham
[Quran – 53:36-37 – Sher Ali] “Has he not been informed of what is in the Scriptures of Moses, And of Abraham who fulfilled the divine commandments?”

ALLAH’ Grace, Mercy and Rewards for Abraham
[Quran – 29:27 – Ali Unal] “We bestowed upon him (a son) Isaac and (a grandson) Jacob, and caused Prophethood and the revelation of the Book to continue among his offspring, and We granted him his reward in this world also; and he surely is among the righteous in the Hereafter.”

ALLAH’S Everlasting Guidance for mankind; Abraham, the Father of all Muslims
[Quran – 22:78 – Taqi Usmani] “Struggle for (seeking the pleasure of) Allah, a struggle that is owed to Him. He has chosen you and did not impose any hardship on you in the religion, the faith of your father Ibrahim. He (Allah) named you as Muslims earlier and also in this (Quran), so that the Messenger becomes a witness to you, and you become witnesses to (other) people. So establish Salah, pay Zakah and hold fast to Allah. He is your patron. So, how excellent He is as a patron, and how excellent as a supporter!”

ALLAH'S DECLARATION for the mankind:

"Thus do We reward the doers of good" [Quran 37:110 - Asad]

-the humble ones-
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