AL-TANZIL
The
Revelation
 
[26:192]


An-Nawawi on the Excellence of Prescribed Prayers

By Abu Amina Elias for FaithinAllah.org

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

An-Nawawi records in his book, Riyad us-Saliheen:
اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ تَنْهَىٰ عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنكَرِ ۗ وَلَذِكْرُ اللَّهِ أَكْبَرُ وَاللَّهُ يَعْلَمُ مَا تَصْنَعُونَ
Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book and establish prayer. Verily, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, but the remembrance of Allah is greater, and Allah knows that which you do. [Surah Al-Ankabut 29:45]

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ أَنَّ نَهَرًا بِبَابِ أَحَدِكُمْ، يَغْتَسِلُ فِيهِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ خَمْسًا مَا تَقُولُ ذَلِكَ يُبْقِي مِنْ دَرَنِهِ‏
If there was a river at the door of anyone of you and he took a bath in it five times a day, would you notice any dirt on him?
They said, “Not a trace of dirt would be left.” The Prophet said:
فَذَلِكَ مِثْلُ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسِ يَمْحُو اللَّهُ بِهَا الْخَطَايَا
That is the example of the five prayers with which Allah erases evil deeds.
Source: Sahih Bukahri 505, Grade: Sahih

Jabir ibn Abdullah reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
مَثَلُ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسِ كَمَثَلِ نَهْرٍ جَارٍ غَمْرٍ عَلَى بَابِ أَحَدِكُمْ يَغْتَسِلُ مِنْهُ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ خَمْسَ مَرَّاتٍ
The example of the five prayers is that of a river running at the door of one of you in which he cleanses himself five times a day.
Source: Sahih Muslim 668, Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: A man kissed a woman and he came to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, and told him about that. So the verse was revealed:
أَقِمْ الصَّلَاةَ طَرَفَيْ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفًا مِنْ اللَّيْلِ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَاتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّيِّئَاتِ
Establish prayer at the two ends of the day and in the first hours of the night. Verily, good deeds take away evil deeds. [Surah Hud 11:114]

The man said, “O Messenger of Allah, does it concern me only?” The Prophet said:
لِمَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا مِنْ أُمَّتِي
It concerns everyone in my nation who acts according to it.
Source: Sahih Muslim 2763, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
الصَّلاَةُ الْخَمْسُ وَالْجُمُعَةُ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ كَفَّارَةٌ لِمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ مَا لَمْ تُغْشَ الْكَبَائِرُ
The five prayers and Friday to Friday will erase the sins between them, so long as major sins are avoided.
Source: Sahih Muslim 233, Grade: Sahih

Uthman ibn Affan reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
مَا مِنْ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ تَحْضُرُهُ صَلَاةٌ مَكْتُوبَةٌ فَيُحْسِنُ وُضُوءَهَا وَخُشُوعَهَا وَرُكُوعَهَا إِلَّا كَانَتْ كَفَّارَةً لِمَا قَبْلَهَا مِنْ الذُّنُوبِ مَا لَمْ يُؤْتِ كَبِيرَةً وَذَلِكَ الدَّهْرَ كُلَّهُ
When the time of prescribed prayer arrives, no Muslim performs ablution well with its due reverence and bowing except that it will be an expiation for his previous sins as long as he does not commit a major sin, and this applies for all time.
Source: Sahih Muslim 228, Grade: Sahih

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

Edited from:
http://www.faithinallah.org/an-nawawi-on-the-excellence-of-prescribed-prayers/
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