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An-Nawawi on Greeting with Peace


By Abu Amina Elias for FaithinAllah.org

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

An-Nawawi records in his book Riyad us-Saliheen:

Allah said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَدْخُلُوا بُيُوتًا غَيْرَ بُيُوتِكُمْ حَتَّىٰ تَسْتَأْنِسُوا وَتُسَلِّمُوا عَلَىٰ أَهْلِهَا ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

O you who believe, do not enter houses other than your own houses until you ascertain welcome and greet their inhabitants. That is best for you, for perhaps you will be reminded.

Surah An-Nur 24:27

And Allah said:

فَإِذَا دَخَلْتُم بُيُوتًا فَسَلِّمُوا عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِكُمْ تَحِيَّةً مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ مُبَارَكَةً طَيِّبَةً كَذَٰلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ لَكُمُ الْآيَاتِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ

When you enter houses, give greetings of peace upon each other, a greeting from Allah, blessed and good. Thus does Allah make clear to you the verses that you may understand.

Surah An-Nur 24:61

And Allah said:

وَإِذَا حُيِّيتُم بِتَحِيَّةٍ فَحَيُّوا بِأَحْسَنَ مِنْهَا أَوْ رُدُّوهَا ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَسِيبًا

When you are greeted with a greeting, then greet in return with one better than it or at least return it equally. Verily, Allah is an accountant over all things.

Surah An-Nisa 4:86

And Allah said:

هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ ضَيْفِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ الْمُكْرَمِينَ إِذْ دَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَقَالُوا سَلَامًا قَالَ سَلَامٌ قَوْمٌ مُّنكَرُونَ

Has there reached you the story of the honored guests of Abraham? When they entered upon him and said: We greet you with peace, so he answered: I greet you with peace, a people unknown.

Surah Adh-Dhariyat 51:24-25

Abdullah ibn Umar reported: A man asked the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, “Which Islam is best?” He said:

تُطْعِمُ الطَّعَامَ وَتَقْرَأُ السَّلاَمَ عَلَى مَنْ عَرَفْتَ وَمَنْ لَمْ تَعْرِفْ

To feed the hungry and to greet with peace those you know and those you do not know.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 28, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

خَلَقَ اللَّهُ آدَمَ عَلَى صُورَتِهِ طُولُهُ سِتُّونَ ذِرَاعًا فَلَمَّا خَلَقَهُ قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَسَلِّمْ عَلَى أُولَئِكَ النَّفَرِ مِنْ الْمَلَائِكَةِ جُلُوسٌ فَاسْتَمِعْ مَا يُحَيُّونَكَ فَإِنَّهَا تَحِيَّتُكَ وَتَحِيَّةُ ذُرِّيَّتِكَ فَقَالَ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ فَقَالُوا السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ فَزَادُوهُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ فَكُلُّ مَنْ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ عَلَى صُورَةِ آدَمَ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ الْخَلْقُ يَنْقُصُ بَعْدُ حَتَّى الْآنَ

Allah created Adam in an image of sixty cubits. When He created him, Allah said: Go and greet with peace these groups of assembled angels and listen to how they greet you, for this will be the greeting among your progeny. Adam said: Peace be upon you. The angels said: Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah. So they added the mercy of Allah. Thus, everyone who enters Paradise will be in the image of Adam, since those who followed him continued to diminish until now.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 5873, Grade: Mutaffaqun Alayhi

Al-Bara ibn Azib reported:

وَأَمَرَنَا بِسَبْعٍ بِعِيَادَةِ الْمَرِيضِ وَاتِّبَاعِ الْجَنَائِزِ وَتَشْمِيتِ الْعَاطِسِ وَرَدِّ السَّلَامِ وَإِجَابَةِ الدَّاعِي وَإِبْرَارِ الْمُقْسِمِ وَنَصْرِ الْمَظْلُومِ

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, commanded us to do seven things: to visit the sick, to follow the funeral procession, to bless those who sneeze, to return the greeting of peace, to accept invitations, to help others fulfill their oaths, and to support the oppressed.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 5525, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

لَا تَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى تُؤْمِنُوا وَلَا تُؤْمِنُوا حَتَّى تَحَابُّوا أَوَلَا أَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَى شَيْءٍ إِذَا فَعَلْتُمُوهُ تَحَابَبْتُمْ أَفْشُوا السَّلَامَ بَيْنَكُمْ

You will not enter Paradise until you believe and you will not believe until you love each other. Shall I show you something that, if you did, you would love each other? Spread peace between yourselves.

Source: Sahih Muslim 54, Grade: Sahih

Abdullah ibn Salam said: When I looked at the face of the Messenger of Allah, I realized that his face was not the face of a liar. The first thing the Prophet said was:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَفْشُوا السَّلَامَ وَأَطْعِمُوا الطَّعَامَ وَصَلُّوا بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّاسُ نِيَامٌ تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ بِسَلَامٍ

O people, spread peace, feed the hungry, and pray at night when people are sleeping and you will enter Paradise in peace.

Source: Sunan Ibn Majah 1334, Grade: Sahih

At-Tufail ibn Abu ibn Ka’b reported: He came with Abdullah ibn Umar to the market and Ibn Umar would greet everyone with peace whether they were selling merchandise or were poor. At-Tufail came to Abdullah ibn Umar one day and he asked him to follow him to the market. At-Tufail said, “What will you do in the market if you will not sell or buy or barter or sit in the assemblies?” Ibn Umar said:

يَا أَبَا بَطْنٍ وَكَانَ الطُّفَيْلُ ذَا بَطْنٍ إِنَّمَا نَغْدُو مِنْ أَجْلِ السَّلَامِ نُسَلِّمُ عَلَى مَنْ لَقِيَنَا

O you with a big belly, we only go out in the morning to greet them with peace. We greet with peace whomever we meet.

Source: Muwatta 1793, Grade: Sahih

Imran ibn Hussein reported: A man came to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and he said, “Peace be upon you.” The Prophet said:

عَشْرٌ

Ten good deeds.

Then another man came to the Prophet and he said, “Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah.” The Prophet said:

عِشْرُونَ

Twenty good deeds.

Then another man came to the Prophet and he said, “Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah and His blessings.” The Prophet said:

ثَلَاثُونَ

Thirty good deeds.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2689, Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said to her:

يَا عَائِشَةُ هَذَا جِبْرِيلُ يَقْرَأُ عَلَيْكِ السَّلَامَ

O Aisha, this is Gabriel. He greets you with peace.

Aisha said:

وَعَلَيْهِ السَّلَامُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ تَرَى مَا لَا أَرَى

Upon him be peace, the mercy of Allah, and His blessings. You see what we do not see.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 3045, Grade: Mutaffaqun Alayhi

Anas ibn Malik reported:

النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا تَكَلَّمَ بِكَلِمَةٍ أَعَادَهَا ثَلَاثًا حَتَّى تُفْهَمَ عَنْهُ وَإِذَا أَتَى عَلَى قَوْمٍ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ سَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ ثَلَاثًا

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would repeat himself three times whenever he delivered statements so that he would be understood. Whenever he came to a people he would greet them with peace three times.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 95, Grade: Sahih

Al-Miqdam ibn Al-Aswad reported:

كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَجِيءُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَيُسَلِّمُ تَسْلِيمًا لاَ يُوقِظُ نَائِمًا وَيُسْمِعُ الْيَقْظَانَ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, would come during the night and he would greet with peace such that those who were sleeping would not be awakened but those who were awake would hear it.

Source: Sahih Muslim 2055, Grade: Sahih

Asma bint Yazid reported:

مَرَّ عَلَيْنَا النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فِي نِسْوَةٍ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْنَا

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, passed by us while we were with a group of women and he greeted us with peace.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 5204, Grade: Sahih

Jabir ibn Sulaim reported: He said to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, “Upon you be peace, O Messenger of Allah.” The Prophet said:

لَا تَقُلْ عَلَيْكَ السَّلَامُ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْكَ السَّلَامُ تَحِيَّةُ الْمَيِّتِ قُلْ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ

Do not say upon you be peace, for that is the greeting for the dead in the time of ignorance. Rather say peace be upon you.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4084, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

يُسَلِّمُ الرَّاكِبُ عَلَى الْمَاشِي وَالْمَاشِي عَلَى الْقَاعِدِ وَالْقَلِيلُ عَلَى الْكَثِيرِ

The rider should greet those walking with peace, those walking should greet those sitting with peace, and individuals should greet a group with peace.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 5880, Grade: Mutaffaqun Alayhi

In another narration, the Prophet said:

وَالصَّغِيرُ عَلَى الْكَبِيرِ

The young should greet the elders with peace.

Source: Musnad Ahmad 10247, Grade: Sahih

Abu Umamah reported: He said, “O Messenger of Allah, when two people meet each other, who should greet with peace first?” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

أَوْلَاهُمَا بِاللَّهِ

The one closest to Allah will greet first.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2694, Grade: Hasan

In another narration, the Prophet said:

إِنَّ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِاللَّهِ مَنْ بَدَأَهُمْ بِالسَّلَامِ

Verily, the best of the people to Allah are those who begin the greeting of peace.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 5197, Grade: Sahih

Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا لَقِيَ أَحَدُكُمْ أَخَاهُ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَيْهِ فَإِنْ حَالَتْ بَيْنَهُمَا شَجَرَةٌ أَوْ جِدَارٌ أَوْ حَجَرٌ ثُمَّ لَقِيَهُ فَلْيُسَلِّمْ عَلَيْهِ أَيْضًا

When one of you meets his brother, let him greet him with peace. If they are separated by a tree or a wall or a stone and he meets him again, let him greet him with peace again.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 5200, Grade: Sahih

Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said to me:

يَا بُنَيَّ إِذَا دَخَلْتَ عَلَى أَهْلِكَ فَسَلِّمْ يَكُنْ بَرَكَةً عَلَيْكَ وَعَلَى أَهْلِ بَيْتِكَ

O my son, when you enter upon your family, then greet them with peace. It will be a blessing for you and the people of your house.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2698, Grade: Sahih

Anas ibn Malik reported:

أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرَّ عَلَى غِلْمَانٍ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would pass by young boys and greet them with peace.

Source: Sahih Muslim 2168, Grade: Sahih

Sahl ibn Sa’d reported:

قَالَ ابْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ نَخْلٍ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَتَأْخُذُ مِنْ أُصُولِ السِّلْقِ فَتَطْرَحُهُ فِي قِدْرٍ وَتُكَرْكِرُ حَبَّاتٍ مِنْ شَعِيرٍ فَإِذَا صَلَّيْنَا الْجُمُعَةَ انْصَرَفْنَا وَنُسَلِّمُ عَلَيْهَا

There was an older woman we knew who would send someone to the garden. She would pull out some roots from the ground and put them in the cooking pot, adding some barley over it. After the Friday prayer, we would pass by her and greet her with peace.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 5894, Grade: Sahih

Usama ibn Zaid reported:

أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَرَّ بِمَجْلِسٍ وَفِيهِ أَخْلَاطٌ مِنْ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْيَهُودِ فَسَلَّمَ عَلَيْهِمْ

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, passed by a mixed gathering of Muslims and Jews and he greeted them all with peace.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 2702, Grade: Sahih

Rib’ee reported: A man from Banu Amir narrated to us that he sought permission to enter upon the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, while he was in his house. The man said, “May I enter?” The Prophet said to his servant:

اخْرُجْ إِلَى هَذَا فَعَلِّمْهُ الِاسْتِئْذَانَ فَقُلْ لَهُ قُلْ السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكُمْ أَأَدْخُلُ

Go out to this man and teach him how to seek permission to enter. Tell him to say: Peace be upon you, may I enter?

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 5177, Grade: Sahih

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

Edited from:
http://www.faithinallah.org/an-nawawi-on-greeting-with-peace-as-salaamu-alaykum/
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