AL-TANZIL
The
Revelation
 
[26:192]


The Glorious Book of Guidance [2:2-5]

WHAT IS THE QURAN?

ALLAH, The Exalted has informed The Mankind thus:
“Mankind was one single nation, and Allah sent Messengers with glad tidings and warnings; and with them He sent the Book in truth;” [2:213 – Yusuf Ali]

1. ALLAH, The Exalted, Revealed and Sent, The QURAN, In Truth

“We have revealed the Quran with the truth, and with the truth it has come down.” [17:105 – Wahiduddin]

“We have sent down the Qur´an with the Truth, and it is with the Truth that it has descended.” [17:105 – Maududi]

2. ALLAH, The Exalted has Commanded the mankind, thus:

“O you who have attained to faith! Hold fast unto your belief in God and His Apostle, and in the divine writ which He has bestowed from on high upon His Apostle, step by step, as well as in the revelation which He sent down aforetime: for he who denies God, and His angels, and His revelations, and His apostles, and the Last Day, has indeed gone far astray.” [Quran - 4:136 - Asad]

3. ALLAH’S Unique Revelation – The QURAN

Inscribed in a Tablet Preserved [85:22]
Protected against corruption [15:9]
Easy to Remember (Memorise) [54:17]
[A 2007 estimate indicates that By ALLAH’S Mercy, there were 30 Million Muslim Huffaz of The Quran, in the World.] [1]

4. ALLAH’S Imperishable Revelation

If all the Copies of the Text of The Quran, all Tapes, CDs, Hard Drives or any other means for preserving Texts, known to man, containing the Quranic Text were destroyed, ALLAH’S Quran will still be with mankind. By ALLAH’S Mercy, ALLAH’S Guidance will continue to be Transmitted, Understood, Embraced and Practiced, as has been done, for more than 1400 years, via Oral Transmissions. [2]

5. QURAN speaks about itself to mankind, thus:

“And indeed (by revealing it through human language) We have made the Quran easy for remembrance (of God, and taking heed), then is there any that remembers and takes heed?” [54:17 – Ali Unal: Repeated and Reiterated in following Verses 54:22; 32; 40]

“Will they not, then, ponder over this Quran? - or are there locks upon their hearts?
[47:24 – Asad]

“This Quran, assuredly, guides to that which is most upright and gives to the believers, who do righteous deeds, the glad tidings that there awaits them a great reward,”
[17:9 – Amatul Rahman Omar]

“All praise belongs to Allah, who has sent down the Book to His servant and did not let any crookedness be in it,” [18:1 – Ali Quli Qara’i]

“Do they not, then, ponder about the Quran? Had it been from someone other than Allah, they would have found in it a great deal of discrepancy.” [4:82 – Taqi Usmani]

“Indeed We have explained in this Quran every subject in various ways for the benefit of the people, but out of all creation, man is most disputing.”
[18:54 – Taqi Usmani]

“Now that the guidance is here, nothing must keep people from believing and seeking forgiveness from their Lord. Else, the tradition of the earlier folks would be repeated, and they would come face to face with a severe torment.”
[18:55 – Dr. Munir Munshey]

“THUS, step by step, We bestow from on high through this Quran all that gives health [to the spirit] and is a grace unto those who believe [in Us], the while it only adds to the ruin of evildoers:”
[17:82 – Asad]

“If you (all) are in any doubt about what We have sent down to Our servant, then bring a chapter like it and call in your witnesses besides God if you are so truthful.”
[2:23 – T. B. Irving]

“This Quran is not such as can be produced by other than Allah; on the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book - wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the worlds.” [10:37 – Abdullah Yusuf Ali]

“And when you recite the Quran, seek refuge with Allah from satan, the rejected.”
[16:98 – Amatul Rahman Omar]

6. QURAN DESCRIBED BY MUSLIM SCHOLARS

1. Quran – Description by – Ali, 4th Caliph of Islam, May ALLAH Be Pleased with him

“Kitabullah (The Book of ALLAH) is the way, for it contains information of what happened before you, news of what will come after you a decision regarding matters that will occur among you. It is the Distinguisher and is not jesting. If any overweening person abandons it, Allah will break him, and if anyone seeks guidance elsewhere ALLAH will lead him astray. It is ALLAH’S stalwart rope, the wise reminder, the straight path; it is by which desires do not swerve nor the tongue becomes confused, and the learned cannot grasp it completely. It is not worn out by repetition nor its wonders ever cease. It is that of which the jinn did not hesitate to remark when they heard it: ‘We have heard a wonderful recitation which guides to what is right, and we believe in it’; he who utters it speaks the truth, he who acts according it is rewarded, he who pronounces judgement according to it is just, and he who invites people to it guides them to the straight path”. [3]

2. Quran – Description by – theholybook.org

“The Qur’ān is God’s miraculous, matchless message that has been sent to all humanity via His last Messenger. With the Quran, God has shown humanity, one last time, a short-cut to His good pleasure. He has communicated to us about His Essence, Attributes, and Names. He has expressed in the most explicit way, leaving no room for any misunderstanding, His will to be known and recognized in the correct way, to be believed in and worshipped. Almighty God has put emphasis on the duties and responsibilities of believers, while enthusing hearts and agitating souls with His promise for punishment and reward. He has presented the Qur’ān as a sign for perfection and completion and as an orbit to rotate around for His good pleasure, while condescending to offer this gift to us as a compliment greater than any that has been or will ever be granted to anyone else”. [4] “Having come from the Supreme Throne of God, and originated in His Greatest Name, and issued forth from the most comprehensive rank of each Name, and as is explained in The Twelfth Word, the Koran is both the word of God as regards His being the Lord of the worlds, and His decree in respect of His having the title of the Deity of all creatures, and a discourse in the name of the Creator of all the heavens and earth, and a speech from the perspective of the absolute Divine Lordship, and an eternal sermon on behalf of the universal Sovereignty of the All-Glorified One, and a register of the favours of the Most Merciful One from the viewpoint of the all-embracing Mercy, and a collection of messages some of which begin with a cipher, and a holy book which, having descended from the surrounding circle of the Divine Greatest Name, looks over and surveys the circle surrounded by the Supreme Throne of God”. [5]

3. Quran - Description by – Muhammad Asad

THE TRUE WORD OF GOD
“the fact remains, that to all who believed and believe in it, the Quran represents the ultimate manifestation of God's grace to man, the ultimate wisdom, and the ultimate beauty of expression: in short, the true Word of God”. [6]

4. Quran – Description by – Yahiya Emerick

QURAN -- GOD’S PERSONAL LETTER TO MANKIND
“The Quran is a personal Letter from God to you, asking you to become something more than you thought you could be: someone whom God loves and someone who loves His world so much that he or she will do everything in their power to take good care of it.” “The Quran is more of a Book of persuasion – it is a Book that speaks to you like a friend. Stories of famous people are given only as way to prove a point. Laws are few and are connected with trying to make you a better person. Poetic phrases become beautiful ways to remember sound advice and good teachings”. [7]

5. Quran – Description by - Maurice Bucaille

"Here, therefore, its merits as a literary production should perhaps not be measured by some preconceived maxims of subjective and aesthetic taste, but by the effects which it produced in Muhammad's contemporaries and fellow countrymen. If it spoke so powerfully and convincingly to the hearts of his hearers as to weld hitherto centrifugal and antagonistic elements into one compact and well-organized body, animated by ideas far beyond those which had until now ruled the Arabian mind, then its eloquence was perfect, simply because it created a civilized nation out of savage tribes, and shot a fresh woof into the old warp of history." [12]



7. QURAN DESCRIBED BY NON-MUSLIM SCHOLARS

1. Quran - Description by - Arthur Arberry

In making the present attempt to improve on the performance of my predecessors, and to produce something which might be accepted as echoing however faintly the sublime rhetoric of the Arabic Koran, I have been at pains to study the intricate and richly varied rhythms which - apart from the message itself - constitute the Korans undeniable claim to rank amongst the greatest literary masterpieces of mankind... This very characteristic feature - that inimitable symphony, as the believing Pickthall described his Holy Book, the very sounds of which move men to tears and ecstasy - has been almost totally ignored by previous translators; it is therefore not surprising that what they have wrought sounds dull and flat indeed in comparison with the splendidly decorated original. [8]

2. Quran - Description by – Goethe

Speaking about the Quran, Goethe says, "It soon attracts, astounds, and in the end enforces our reverence... Its style, in accordance with its contents and aim is stern, grand - ever and always, truly sublime -
So, this book will go on exercising through all ages a most potent influence". [9]

3. Quran - Description by - Margoliouth

"The Koran (Quran) admittedly occupies an important position among the great religious books of the world. Though it is the youngest of the epoch making works belonging to this class of literature, it yields to hardly any in the wonderful effect which it has produced on large masses of men. It has created an all but new phase of human thought and a fresh type of character. It first transformed a number of heterogeneous desert tribes of the Arabian Peninsula into a nation of heroes, and then proceeded to create the vast politico-religious organizations of Muslims world wide which are one of the great forces with which Europe and the East have to reckon with today". [10]

4. Quran - Description by – N. J. Dawood

“It is acknowledged that the Koran is not only one of the most influential books of prophetic literature but also a literary masterpiece in its own right”. [11]

5. Quran – Description by Dr. Steingass

"In making the present attempt to improve on the performance of my predecessors, and to produce something which might be accepted as echoing however faintly the sublime rhetoric of the Arabic Koran, I have been at pains to study the intricate and richly varied rhythms which - apart from the message itself - constitute the Koran's undeniable claim to rank amongst the greatest literary masterpieces of mankind... This very characteristic feature - 'that inimitable symphony,' as the believing Pickthall described his Holy Book, 'the very sounds of which move men to tears and ecstasy' - has been almost totally ignored by previous translators; it is therefore not surprising that what they have wrought sounds dull and flat indeed in comparison with the splendidly decorated original." [13]

8. QURAN -- as understood by those “whose hearts tremble when Allah is mentioned” – [Quran - 8:2]

Quran is ALLAH’S Gift of Guidance and Mercy for the believers. The Quran (in Arabic - Recital) is ALLAH’S Final Revelation for mankind. The Quran is a record of the exact words revealed by God through the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad, in stages (portions), in Prophet’s own language, Arabic, between 610 – 632 C.E. The Quran was memorized by Muhammad (pbuh) and then dictated to his Companions, and written down by scribes, who cross-checked it during Prophet’s lifetime. The Quran, the last revealed Word of God, is the Supreme Jurisprudence for Muslims in all matters of faith. It deals with all the subjects which concern us as human beings: wisdom, doctrine, worship, and law, but its basic theme is the relationship between God and His creatures. At the same time it provides guidelines for a just society, proper human conduct and an equitable economic system. [14]

And the humble ones say:

"We believe in Allah, and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and in (the Books) given to Moses, Jesus, and the prophets, from their Lord: We make no distinction between one and another among them, and to Allah do we bow our will (in Islam)." [3:84 – Yusuf Ali]

9. QURAN – THE CONTENT – [What The Quran contains]

THE QURAN -- HISTORY and FACTS

Muslim Scholars are in agreement:
The Quran in Arabic means RECITAL (Recitation) and applies to the whole of The REVELATION. The physical text in our hands today is the written compilation of that Recital known as The Uthmanic Recension, also known as Uthmanic Codex -- [3rd Rightly Guided Caliph of Islam ( May ALLAH Be Pleased with him), Uthman Ibn Affan, Codified the Text of the Quran in c. 653/654 A.H.]
Revelation of The Quran Commenced -- 17 th of Ramadhan -- 610 CE
Revelation commenced at -- in cave named Hira, in the Jabal al-Nur mountain range, in the neighbourhood of Mecca.
First Verse of The Revelation -- [96:1]
Last Verse of The Quran Revealed -- [5:3]
Revelation of The Quran Completed -- on 9 Dhu al-Hijjah, 10 AH (632 C.E) during Prophet’s FAREWELL SERMON, in the Uranah valley of Mount Arafat, in Mecca, seventy-two days before Prophet’s death, at the end of his final pilgrimage.
Number of Verses in The Quran -- 6236 - [According to Kufa school tradition] [15]
[There are 6236 verses in the Quran (7 verses in the first chapter with Bismillah included but with Bismillah not included for other Surahs), otherwise with including all Bismillah at the beginning of all chapters then there are 112 + 6236 = 6348 verses] [16]
Number of words in The Quran -- 77,934
Number of Letters in The Quran -- 323,670
Number Chapters -- 114
Longest Chapter – al-Baqarah [Chapter #2] – Number of Verses – 286
Shortest Chapter – al-Kauthar [Chapter #108] – Number of Verses – 3
Number of Chapters Revealed in Mecca -- 86 [Revelation Period 13 Years]
Number of Chapters Revealed in Medina -- 28 [Revelation Period 10 Years]
First Complete Chapter Revealed -- al-Fatihah – [Chapter #1]
Last Complete Chapter Sent in a Single Revelation -- an-Nasr - [Chapter #110]
Shortest Verse -- [55:64] [Some Scholars believe, Ha Mim, present at the beginning of Chapters, 40; 41; 42; 43; 44; 45; 46; to be the shortest Verse of The Quran; Some Scholars are of the view that the shortest Verse is 36:1 and some are of the view that it is 20:1]
Longest Verse -- [2:282] [128 Words; 540 Letters]
First Chapter of The Quran -- Al-Fatihah -- [1]
Final Chapter of The Quran -- an-Nas -- [114]
Number of Chapters which start with -- Bismillah -- [113]
Number of Chapters which DO NOT start with Bismillah -- [1] – [Chapter 9]
Number of Chapters which have 2 Bismillahs -- 1 -- Chapter 27 has one Bismillah at the beginning and one more in Verse 30
Number of Prostrations during Recitation of The Quran -- 15 -- [There are certain verses in the Quran where the Scholars have recommended to prostrate. When those reciting the Quran, come to these verses, they stop and prostrate then continue with the remaining reading or recitation. Verses are: 7:206; 13:15; 16:49-50; 17:106-109; 19:58; 22:18; 22:77; 25:60; 27:2-27; 32:15; 38:24; 41:37-38; 53:62; 84:21; 96:19]
Number of Verses which contain all the Letters of Alphabet -- 2 -- [3:154 and 48:29]
Name of ALLAH, in The Quran -- 980 times (Nominative case); 592 times (Accusative case); 1125 times (Genitive case); In addition ALLAH is mentioned in Bismillah at the beginning of 113 Chapters.
Number of Chapters prefixed with “Quranic Initials” (the "Muqatta'at", such as A.L.M. of 2:1), in The Quran -- [29]
Number of times the word Quran appears in The Quran -- 99 times - [Yusuf Ali]
Number Prophets and Messengers mentioned in The Quran -- 25
Number of Chapters named after Prophets -- 7 -- Jonah [10], Hud [11], Joseph [12], Abraham [14], Luqman [31], Muhammad [47], Noah [71]
First person to hear The Quran recited by The Prophet -- Prophet’s wife Khadija, May ALLAH Be Pleased with her.
First person to order the compilation of The Quran into a Book -- Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, May ALLAH Be Pleased with him.
First person to compile the Quran into a Book -- Zayd Ibn Thaabit, May ALLAH Be Pleased with him.
[Citations] [17], [18]

10. PERSONALITIES MENTIONED IN THE QURAN

Only FEMALE Personality mentioned in The Quran -- Maryam (Mary) [34 times]

MALE Personalities mentioned in The Quran
Idrīs (2 times)
Ilyās (2 times)[1]
Hud (25 times)
Al-Yasa' (2 times - 6:86 and 38:48)
Nūħ (43 times)
Lot (27 times)
Azar (* Q 6:74)[2]
Ibrāhīm (69 times)
Ishmael (12 times)
Isħaq (17 times)
Ya'qub (16 times)[3]
Yūsuf (27 times)
al-'Azīz (Q 12:30, 12:51)[4]
Job (Q 4:163, 6:84, 21:83, 38:41)
Jonah (Q 4:163, 6:86, 10:98, 37:139)
Shu'ayb (10 times)
Dāwūd (16 times)
Sulayman (17 times)
Dhū l-Kifl (Q 21:85, 38:48)
'Uzayr (* Q 9:30)
Tālūt (Q 2:247, 2:249)
Luqman (* Q 31:13)
Dhul-Qarnayn (3 times)
Saleh (9 times)
Moses (136 times)[5]
Fir'aun (74 times)
Haman (Q 2:68, 28:8, 28:38, 29:39, 40:24, 40:36)
Hārūn (19[6] or 20 times)
Qarūn (Q 28:76, 28:79, 29:39, 40:24)
Al-Samiri (Q 20:85, 20:87, 20:95)
Imran (father of Maryam) (Q 3:33, 3:35, 66:12)
Zakariyya (7 times)
Yaħyā (5 times)
Maryam (34 times)[7]
Īsā (25 times)[8
Muhammad (4 times: Q 3:144, 33:40, 47:2, 48:29) and Ahmad (Q 61:6)
Zayd (* Q 33:37)
Abu Lahab (* Q 111:1)
[19]

ANGELS MENTIONED IN THE QURAN

Jibrīl (Q 2:97, 2:98)
Mikael (* Q 2:98)
Maalik (* Q 43:77)
Harut (* Q 2:102)
Marut (* Q 2:102)
Angel of Death (* Q 32:11)
[19]

DEVIL MENTIONED IN THE QURAN

Iblīs (11 times) [19]

FALSE GODS MENTIONED IN THE QURAN Al-Lat (* Q 53:19)

Al-'Uzzā (* Q 53:19)
Manat(* Q 53:20)
Wadd (* Q 71:23)
Suwa' (* Q 71:23)
Yaghuth (* Q 71:23)
Ya'uq (* Q 71:23)
Nasr (* Q 71:23)
Ba'l (* Q 37:125)
[19]

GENERAL GROUPS MENTIONED IN THE QURAN

Apostles • Christians • Hypocrites • Jews • Magians • Martyrs • Pagans •
Prophets • Sabians [19]

SPECIFIC GROUPS MENTIONED IN THE QURAN –

Disciples of Jesus • Jinns of Solomon • Muhammad's wives • Scribes of the Quran • People of the Cave • Pharaoh's sorcerers • Twelve Tribes of Israel [19]

COMMUNITIES MENTIONED IN THE QURAN

ʿĀd • Companions of the Elephant • Companions of the Rass • Egypt • • Israelites • Mesopotamia • Midian • Nineveh • Sodom and Gomorrah • Thamud • People of Tubba •
People of the Wood • Quraysh • Romans [19]

[IMPORTANT DISCLAIMER: "There have been some attempts to apply various kinds of numerological meanings to some of these statistics, in at least one case going so far as using such claims as justification for editing out some verses of the Quran. Careful study by qualified academic mathematicians have shown that such claims are completely without merit." [For detailed rebuttals check out FITNA of 19 at http://groups.google.com/group/soc.religion.islam/msg/d1c1f0bdbfe35ef9?]


[IMPORTANT NOTE: There may be differences in the Statistics (Numbers). This is primarily due to the different definitions of a word, a letter, or the beginning of verses as used by different Scholars.]

References
[1] - [Dr Laurence B. Brown – Scriptural Sources and Translations, God’ed – 2007]
[2] – [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n1MzOp8Wnr0]
[3] - [At-Tirmidhi, Sunan, Fada’il al-Quran:14, Hadith #2906]
[4] - [Excerpted from - http://www.theholybook.org/]
[5] - [Excerpted from - http://www.theholybook.org/content/view/9192/9]
[6] - [Excerpted from - Muhammad Asad – Introduction to the Message of the Quran – 1980]
[7] – [Excerpted from - Yahiya Emerick – Preface to The Holy Quran – Guidance for Life, 2000]
[8] - [Arthur J. Arberry, THE KORAN INTERPRETED, London: Oxford University Press, 1964, p. x.]
[9] - [Goethe, the supreme genius of modern German Literature - quoted in T. P. Hughes "Dictionary of Islam", p. 526]
[10] - [G. Margoliouth in his Introduction to J. M. Rodwells - 'The Koran", New York - 'Everyman's Library, 1977, p VI]
[11]– [N. J. Dawood – Introduction to The Koran – 2003]
[12] – [Maurice Bucaille, THE BIBLE, THE QURAN AND SCIENCE, 1978, p. 125.]
[13]– [Dr. Steingass, quoted in T.P. Hughes' DICTIONARY OF ISLAM, p.528.]
[14] – [Excerpted from - http://www.islamic-dictionary.com/what-is-the-Quran.php]
[15] – [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quran#Uniqueness]
[16] – [http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_many_verses_are_there_in_the_holy_Quran]
[17] – [http://www.Quranicstudies.com/articles/miscellany/statistical-analysis-of-the-holy-Quran.html]
[18] – [http://www.islamweb.net/kidsen/Kids%20Corner%201,2/subjects/ehsaeyat1.html][19] – [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_mentioned_by_name_in_the_Quran]
































Website Builder